Obesity is a complex disorder that consists in having an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity is not just an appearance problem.
It increases your risk of disease and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
Obesity is diagnosed when the body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher. Your BMI is calculated by dividing your weight in kilograms (kg) by your height in meters (m) squared.
The main causes of obesity are the following:
Si no haces mucha actividad, no quemas tantas calorías. Si tienes un estilo de vida sedentario, es muy fácil que todos los días ingieras más calorías de las que usas para hacer ejercicio y para las actividades cotidianas normales.
Unhealthy diet and eating habits
Steroids and beta-blockers
Obesity can appear at any age, even in young children. As you grow older, hormonal changes and a less active lifestyle increase the risk of obesity.
The amount of muscle in the body tends to decrease with age. This decreased muscle mass results in a decrease in metabolism.
These changes also reduce the calories you need, so they may make it harder to avoid excess weight. If you don’t consciously control what you eat and don’t get more physical activity as you age, you are likely to gain weight.
If you are obese, you are more likely to develop a number of serious health problems, such as the following:
High triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol
Type 2 diabetes
High blood pressure
Metabolic syndrome -a combination of high blood sugar, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, and low HDL cholesterol
It consists of personal care
The main treatment involves making lifestyle changes, such as following a healthier diet and exercising.
Vitamin B2: Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is important for the growth, development and functioning of the body’s cells.
Vitamin B3: Called niacin and in some countries vitamin PP, vitamin B3 is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, in the blood circulation and in the respiratory system. It intervenes in the growth, functioning of the nervous system and the good condition of the skin.
Vitamin B6: Vitamin B6 is essential for enzymes (proteins that regulate chemical processes in the body) to function properly. Vitamin B6 also influences brain development during pregnancy and childhood, as well as the immune system.
Vitamin C: Ascorbic acid or vitamin C contributes to many functions in the body, including the absorption of iron.