Obesity

Obesity is a complex disorder that consists in having an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity is not just an appearance problem.

It increases your risk of disease and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

Symptoms

Obesity is diagnosed when the body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher. Your BMI is calculated by dividing your weight in kilograms (kg) by your height in meters (m) squared.

Causes

The main causes of obesity are the following:

Inactivity

Si no haces mucha actividad, no quemas tantas calorías. Si tienes un estilo de vida sedentario, es muy fácil que todos los días ingieras más calorías de las que usas para hacer ejercicio y para las actividades cotidianas normales.

Unhealthy diet and eating habits

Weight gain is inevitable if you often eat more calories than you burn. The diet of most Americans is too high in calories and is full of fast foods and high-calorie drinks.

Certain medications

Some medications can cause weight gain if you don’t compensate with diet or physical activity. Among these medications, we find some antidepressants, anticonvulsants, diabetes medications, antipsychotics.

Steroids and beta-blockers

Age

Obesity can appear at any age, even in young children. As you grow older, hormonal changes and a less active lifestyle increase the risk of obesity.

The amount of muscle in the body tends to decrease with age. This decreased muscle mass results in a decrease in metabolism.

These changes also reduce the calories you need, so they may make it harder to avoid excess weight. If you don’t consciously control what you eat and don’t get more physical activity as you age, you are likely to gain weight.

Complications

If you are obese, you are more likely to develop a number of serious health problems, such as the following:

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High triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol

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Type 2 diabetes

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High blood pressure

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Metabolic syndrome -a combination of high blood sugar, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, and low HDL cholesterol

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Heart disease.

Treatment

It consists of personal care
The main treatment involves making lifestyle changes, such as following a healthier diet and exercising.

Physical exercise

Performing aerobic activity for twenty to thirty minutes five days a week improves cardiovascular health. In case of injury, it is preferable to perform activities that do not require the use of the injured muscle group or joint in order to preserve physical function and allow recovery.

Low-fat diet

Reduce intake of high-fat foods, such as milk products, oil and red meat, to improve cardiovascular health.

Slimming

It can improve cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of obesity-related complications.

Reduced-carb diet

A diet that limits the consumption of grains, starch-rich vegetables and fruits, and emphasizes the consumption of foods rich in protein and fats.

Vitamins 

Vitamin B2: Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is important for the growth, development and functioning of the body’s cells.

Vitamin B3: Called niacin and in some countries vitamin PP, vitamin B3 is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, in the blood circulation and in the respiratory system. It intervenes in the growth, functioning of the nervous system and the good condition of the skin.

Vitamin B6: Vitamin B6 is essential for enzymes (proteins that regulate chemical processes in the body) to function properly. Vitamin B6 also influences brain development during pregnancy and childhood, as well as the immune system.

Vitamin C: Ascorbic acid or vitamin C contributes to many functions in the body, including the absorption of iron.

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